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Opinions Top Facts

Opinion poll
An opinion poll, sometimes simply referred to as a poll, is a survey of public opinion from a particular sample. Opinion polls are usually designed to represent the opinions of a population by conducting a series of questions and then extrapolating generalities in ratio or within confidence intervals.
Opinion pollTypes of pollingPublic opinionPsychometricsSurvey methodologyPollingSampling (statistics)



An editorial, leading article (UK), or leader (UK) is an opinion piece written by the senior editorial staff or publisher of a newspaper or magazine. Editorials are usually unsigned and may be supposed to reflect the opinion of the periodical. In Australian and major United States newspapers, such as the New York Times and the Boston Globe, editorials are often classified under the heading "opinion". Editorials may also be in the form of editorial cartoons.
EditorialNewspaper terminologyOpinion journalism

Not to be confused with President, nor [the plural] with "precedence". 50x40px The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Please improve this article and discuss the issue on the talk page. In common law legal systems, a precedent or authority is a principle or rule established in a legal case that a court or other judicial body may apply when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.
PrecedentLegal citationCase law

Case law
Case law is the set of existing rulings which made new interpretations of law and, therefore, can be cited as precedents. In some countries, such as the USA, the term is exclusively used for judicial decisions of selected appellate courts, courts of first instance, and other bodies discharging judicial functions. In other countries, such as most European countries, the term is applied to any set of rulings on law which is guided by previous rulings, for example, patent office case law.
Case lawCase law

European Union law
European Union law (historically called "European Community law") is a body of treaties and legislation, such as Regulations and Directives, which have direct effect or indirect effect on the laws of European Union member states. The three sources of European Union law are primary law, secondary law and supplementary law. The main sources of primary law are the Treaties establishing the European Union. Secondary sources include regulations and directives which are based on the Treaties.
European Union lawEuropean Union law

Posek is the term in Jewish law for "decider"—a legal scholar who decides the Halakha in cases of law where previous authorities are inconclusive or in those situations where no halakhic precedent exists. The decision of a posek is known as a psak din or psak halakha ("ruling of law"; pl. piskei din, piskei halakha) or simply a "psak". In Hebrew, פסק is the root implying to "stop" or "cease"—the posek brings the process of legal debate to finality.
PosekTalmudistsRegion-specific legal occupationsRabbisHebrew words and phrasesJewish lawOrthodox rabbinic roles and titles

Public opinion
Public opinion is the aggregate of individual attitudes or beliefs held by the adult population. Public opinion can also be defined as the complex collection of opinions of many different people and the sum of all their views.
Public opinionPublic opinionPoliticsCrowd psychologySurvey methodologyPolitical science terms

Scientific consensus
Scientific consensus is the collective judgment, position, and opinion of the community of scientists in a particular field of study. Consensus implies general agreement, though not necessarily unanimity. Scientific consensus is not by itself a scientific argument, and it is not part of the scientific method. Nevertheless, consensus may be based on both scientific arguments and the scientific method.
Scientific consensusHeuristicsScientific method

Creation–evolution controversy

Creation–evolution controversy

Reputation of a social entity is an opinion about that entity, typically a result of social evaluation on a set of criteria. It is important in education, business, and online communities. Reputation may be considered as a component of identity as defined by others. Reputation is known to be an ubiquitous, spontaneous and highly efficient mechanism of social control in natural societies. It is a subject of study in social, management and technological sciences.
ReputationReputation managementSocial status

Barack Obama citizenship conspiracy theories
The billboard is part of an advertising campaign by WorldNetDaily. ]] Conspiracy theories about the citizenship of Barack Obama claim that Barack Obama is not a natural-born citizen of the United States and is therefore not eligible to be President of the United States under Article Two of the U.S. Constitution. Some theories allege that Obama was born in Kenya, not Hawaii, or that his birth certificate is a forgery. Others allege that Obama became a citizen of Indonesia and lost his U.S.
Barack Obama citizenship conspiracy theoriesBarack ObamaConspiracy theoriesUnited States nationality lawVital statistics

Fringe science
There are differing definitions of fringe science. By one definition (see below) it is valid, but not mainstream, science, whilst by another broader definition it is generally viewed in a negative way as being non-scientific. Fringe science is scientific inquiry in an established field of study that departs significantly from mainstream or orthodox theories, and is classified in the "fringes" of a credible mainstream academic discipline.
Fringe scienceScientific methodFringe theoryFringe science

Minhag is an accepted tradition or group of traditions in Judaism. A related concept, Nusach (נוסח), refers to the traditional order and form of the prayers. The related Arabic منهاج minhāj also means custom or tradition, though not necessarily religious tradition; the similar منهج manhaj means "curriculum" in both academic and non-academic senses.
MinhagHebrew words and phrasesJewish law and ritualsYiddish words and phrases

In general, an opinion is a subjective belief, and is the result of emotion or interpretation of facts. An opinion may be supported by an argument, although people may draw opposing opinions from the same set of facts. Opinions rarely change without new arguments being presented. However, it can be reasoned that one opinion is better supported by the facts than another by analysing the supporting arguments.
OpinionBeliefMental structuresEpistemologyCritical thinkingSubjective experience

Concurring opinion
In law, a concurring opinion is a written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agrees with the decision made by the majority of the court, but states different reasons as the basis for his or her decision. When no absolute majority of the court can agree on the basis for deciding the case, the decision of the court may be contained in a number of concurring opinions, and the concurring opinion joined by the greatest number of judges is referred to as the plurality opinion.
Concurring opinionCase law

Legal opinion
In law, an opinion (also consilia) is usually a written explanation by a judge or group of judges that accompanies an order or ruling in a case, laying out the rationale and legal principles for the ruling. Opinions are usually published at the direction of the court, and to the extent they contain pronouncements about what the law is and how it should be interpreted, they reinforce, change, establish, or overturn legal precedent.
Legal opinionLegal terms

Crank (person)
"Crank" is a pejorative term used for a person who holds an unshakable belief that most of his or her contemporaries consider to be false. A crank belief is so wildly at variance with those commonly held as to be ludicrous. Cranks characteristically dismiss all evidence or arguments which contradict their own unconventional beliefs, making rational debate a futile task; this is the essential defining characteristic of the crank: being impervious to facts, evidence, and rational inference.
Crank (person)Pseudo-scholarshipPejorative terms for people

Oral law
An oral law is a code of conduct in use in a given culture, religion or community application, by which a body of rules of human behaviour is transmitted by oral tradition and effectively respected, or the single rule that is orally transmitted. Many cultures have an oral law, while most contemporary legal systems have a formal written organisation.
Oral lawOral traditionReligious lawLawLegal history

The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman (or, more briefly, Tristram Shandy) is a novel by Laurence Sterne. It was published in nine volumes, the first two appearing in 1759, and seven others following over the next seven years (vols. 3 and 4, 1761; vols. 5 and 6, 1762; vols. 7 and 8, 1765; vol. 9, 1767).
The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, GentlemanSelf-reflexive novelsPicaresque novelsEnglish novelsPostmodern novelsNovels by Laurence SterneMetafictional works1759 novelsSatirical books

Vox populi
Vox populi, a Latin phrase that literally means voice of the people, is a term often used in broadcasting for interviews with members of the "general public".
Vox populiDemocracyPopular sovereigntyBroadcast journalismLatin words and phrases

Lists of United States Supreme Court cases
This is an index of chronological lists of cases decided by the United States Supreme Court.
Lists of United States Supreme Court casesUnited States-related listsUnited States history timelinesCase law lists by courtUnited States case law listsUnited States Supreme Court casesLists of United States Supreme Court cases

Advisory opinion
An advisory opinion is an opinion issued by a court or a commission like an election commission that does not have the effect of adjudicating a specific legal case, but merely advises on the constitutionality or interpretation of a law. Some countries have procedures by which the executive or legislative branches may certify important questions to the judiciary and obtain an advisory opinion. In other countries or specific jurisdictions, courts may be prohibited from issuing advisory opinions.
Advisory opinionCivil procedureInternational Court of Justice

Attorney General of Oklahoma
The Attorney General of Oklahoma is the State Attorney General for the state of Oklahoma. The Attorney General serves as the chief legal and law enforcement officer of the State of Oklahoma. As head of the Office of the Oklahoma Attorney General, he or she is responsible for providing legal advice to the other departments and agencies of the executive branch, legislative branch and judicial branch of the state government.
Attorney General of OklahomaOklahoma Attorneys GeneralGovernment of OklahomaExecutive branch of Oklahoma governmentState law enforcement agencies of OklahomaState Attorneys General in the United States

List of Kanon episodes
The Kanon anime, which encompasses two television series produced by different studios and an original video animation (OVA), is based on the visual novel Kanon by the Japanese software company Key. The story follows the main character Yuichi Aizawa, who has returned to the town where seven years ago he would spend his school vacations. As he used to do back then, he is living with his aunt Akiko Minase and his cousin Nayuki, but has forgotten many of the details regarding his previous visits.
List of Kanon episodesLists of anime episodesKanon

Second opinion
A second opinion is a visit to a physician other than the one a patient has previously been seeing in order to get a differing point-of-view. Second opinions may be sought by a patient under the following circumstances: Physician recommends surgery. Physician diagnoses patient with serious illness that patient does not believe they have. Physician recommends a treatment for the patient other than what the patient believes is necessary.
Second opinionHealth care

A Catholic Statement on Pluralism and Abortion
A Catholic Statement on Pluralism and Abortion, alternatively referred to by its pull quote "A Diversity of Opinions Regarding Abortion Exists Among Committed Catholics" or simply "The New York Times ad", was a full-page advertisement placed on October 7, 1984 in The New York Times by Catholics for a Free Choice (CFFC). Its publication brought to a head the conflict between the Vatican and those American Catholics who were pro-choice.
A Catholic Statement on Pluralism and AbortionAbortion in the United States1984 worksChristianity-related controversiesCatholic Church and abortionRoman Catholic Church in the United StatesWorks originally published in The New York Times

Human, All Too Human
Human, All Too Human (Menschliches, Allzumenschliches), subtitled A Book for Free Spirits (Ein Buch für freie Geister), is a book by 19th century philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, originally published in 1878. A second part, Assorted Opinions and Maxims (Vermischte Meinungen und Sprüche), was published in 1879, and a third part, The Wanderer and his Shadow (Der Wanderer und sein Schatten), followed in 1880.
Human, All Too Human1878 booksPsychology booksBooks by Friedrich NietzscheExistentialist booksBooks critical of Christianity

Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers
Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers (Greek: Βίοι καὶ γνῶμαι τῶν ἐν φιλοσοφίᾳ εὐδοκιμησάντων) is a biography of the Greek philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius, written in Greek, perhaps in the first half of the third century AD.
Lives and Opinions of Eminent PhilosophersPhilosophy books3rd-century booksAncient Greek works

Emunoth ve-Deoth
The Book of Beliefs and Opinions (completed 933 CE) is a text written by Saadia Gaon which is the first systematic presentation and philosophic foundation of the dogmas of Judaism. The work was originally written in Arabic as Kitāb ul-ʾamānāt wal-iʿtiqādāt, but is better known in the Hebrew translation of Judah ibn Tibbon (1186) as Emunot ve-Deot . An unabridged translation into English by Samuel Rosenblatt was published in 1989.
Emunoth ve-DeothJewish philosophical and ethical textsJewish medieval literature

Sound Opinions
Sound Opinions is a radio talk show focusing on rock music. It airs Friday night at 8 PM CST and Saturday morning at 11 AM CST on Chicago Public Radio. The show is hosted by Jim DeRogatis and Greg Kot and features interviews with musicians and industry figures as well as featuring current music news and occasional live in-studio performances. Kot and DeRogatis review recent record releases and grade them according to a buy it, burn it, trash it scale.
Sound OpinionsAmerican Public Media programsAudio podcastsInternet forums



Non-publication of opinions, or unpublished opinions, are those decisions of courts that are not available for citation as precedent because the judges making the opinion deem the case as having less precedential value. In the system of common law, each judicial decision becomes part of the body of law used in future decisions. However, some courts reserve certain decisions, leaving them "unpublished", and thus not available for citation in future cases.
Non-publicationCommon lawUnited States law

The Life and Opinions of the Tomcat Murr
The Life And Opinions Of the Tomcat Murr together with a fragmentary Biography of Kappelmeister Johannes Kreisler on Random Sheets of Waste Paper is a complex satirical novel by Prussian Romantic-era author E.T.A. Hoffmann. It was first published in 1819-1821 as Lebens-Ansichten des Katers Murr nebst fragmentarischer Biographie des Kapellmeisters Johannes Kreisler in zufälligen Makulaturblättern, in two volumes. A planned third volume was never completed.
The Life and Opinions of the Tomcat MurrGerman novelsWorks by E. T. A. Hoffmann19th-century books

By the Court decisions of the Supreme Court of Canada
Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada have the option of releasing reasons for a unanimous decision anonymously by simply attributing the judgment to "The Court". The practice began around 1979 by Chief Justice Laskin, borrowing from the US Supreme Court practice of anonymizing certain unanimous decisions. Though, unlike the US who use it primarily for uncontroversial cases, in Canada it has been used almost exclusively for important and controversial cases.
By the Court decisions of the Supreme Court of CanadaSupreme Court of CanadaWorks published anonymously

Fairness opinion
A fairness opinion is a professional evaluation by an investment bank or other third party as to whether the terms of a merger, acquisition, buyback, spin-off, or going private are fair. It is rendered for a fee.
Fairness opinionMergers and acquisitionsCorporate finance

List of decisions and opinions of the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office
This is a list of decisions and opinions of the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office (EPO) in chronological order of the dates when the decisions were issued. The list is incomplete.
List of decisions and opinions of the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the European Patent OfficeEuropean Patent Office case lawCase law lists by court

Memorandum opinion
In United States legal practice, a memorandum opinion (or memorandum decision) is a judicial opinion that does not create precedent, persuasive or mandatory in some jurisdictions. A memorandum is often brief and written only to announce judgment in a particular case. Depending upon local court rules, citation of the opinion as case law may not be accepted. Generally, memorandum opinions follow ordinary rules, including the application of precedent and the rule of stare decisis.
Memorandum opinionMemoranda

Wikipedia:Third opinion

Wikipedia:Third opinion

Advisory opinions

Advisory opinions

Expert opinion

Expert opinion

Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, Pataphysician
Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, Pataphysician is a novel by French surrealist author Alfred Jarry. The book was published in 1911. The book features Doctor Faustroll (an allusion to Doctor Faustus), born in 1898 in Circassia at the age of 63, and who dies the same year at the same age.
Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, PataphysicianWorks by Alfred Jarry1911 novelsFrench novels

Recommendation (European Union)
A recommendation in the European Union, according to Article 288 of the Treaty on European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC), is one of two kinds of non-binding acts cited in the Treaty of Rome. Recommendations are without legal force but are negotiated and voted on according to the appropriate procedure. Recommendations differ from regulations, directives and decisions, in that they are not binding for Member States. Though without legal force, they do have a political weight.
Recommendation (European Union)European Union law

Views on the Arab–Israeli conflict

Views on the Arab–Israeli conflict

List of United States Supreme Court opinions involving commodity and futures regulation
This is a chronological list of significant Supreme Court of the United States cases in the area of commodity and futures regulation. Ware & Leland v. Mobile County, 209 U.S. 405, 28 Sup. Ct. 526, 14 Ann. Cas. 1031 (1908).
List of United States Supreme Court opinions involving commodity and futures regulationLists of United States Supreme Court opinions by topicUnited States commodity and futures case lawCase law lists by subjectFinancial regulation in the United States

2010 term opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States
This is a list of the opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States delivered during its 2010 term, which began October 4, 2010 and concluded October 1, 2011. The table illustrates which opinion was filed by each justice in each case, and which justices joined each opinion.
2010 term opinions of the Supreme Court of the United StatesLists of United States Supreme Court opinions by termLists of 2010 term United States Supreme Court opinions

2005 term opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States
The table below lists the opinions delivered from the bench by the Supreme Court of the United States during the 2005 Term, which lasted from October 3, 2005, until October 1, 2006. The table illustrates what opinions were filed by each justice in each case, and which justices joined each opinion.
2005 term opinions of the Supreme Court of the United StatesLists of United States Supreme Court opinions by termLists of 2005 term United States Supreme Court opinions

2005 term per curiam opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States
The Supreme Court of the United States handed down sixteen per curiam opinions during its 2005 term, which lasted from October 3, 2005 until October 1, 2006. Because per curiam decisions are issued from the Court as an institution, these opinions all lack the attribution of authorship or joining votes to specific justices. All justices on the Court at the time the decision was handed down are assumed to have participated and concurred unless otherwise noted.
2005 term per curiam opinions of the Supreme Court of the United StatesLists of 2005 term United States Supreme Court opinionsUnited States Supreme Court per curiam opinions

Oral reasons of the Supreme Court of Canada
Certain cases heard by the Supreme Court of Canada can be decided without significant deliberation or justification. In such situations the court will give their reasons for judgment orally after the parties have finished making their submission. The following is a list of the published reasons of the Supreme Court of Canada that were given orally.
Oral reasons of the Supreme Court of CanadaSupreme Court of Canada

2009 term opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States
This is a list of the opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States delivered during its 2009 term, which began October 5, 2009 and concluded October 3, 2010. The table illustrates which opinion was filed by each justice in each case, and which justices joined each opinion.
2009 term opinions of the Supreme Court of the United StatesLists of United States Supreme Court opinions by termLists of 2009 term United States Supreme Court opinions